100句搞定高考7000词:第9期

所属专题:100句搞定高考英语7000词汇  来源:沪江部落    要点:100句搞定高考核心词汇  
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【句子】

The difference between libel and slander is that libel is printed while slander is spoken.

诽谤和流言的区别在于前者是书面的,而后者是口头的。

【解析】

1.while用法小结

1)引导时间状语从句,从句中的谓语动词应用延续性动词或表示状态的词,译作“当……时”。

①While the discussion was still going on,George came in.
当讨论还在进行时,乔治走了进来。

②We must work hard to gain more knowledge while we are young.
趁着现在还年轻,我们必须刻苦学习,获得更多的知识。

注意:while,when,as表“当……的时候”的区别

while 强调同时性或某时间段内一种情况发生时另一种情况出现,与延续性动词连用;

when 可与延续或非延续性动词连用,在强调“当时”,“这时”之意时when;

as 强调同时性,指“一边……一边……”一件事情发生,另一件事情立刻发生。

但以下句型一定用when,作并列连词:

句型A:be about to do…when…正要做…这时(发生另一事)

We were about to set out when it began to rain.
我们刚要出发天突然下雨了。

句型B:was/were doing…when…正在…这时(发生另一事)

He had hardly sat down when his mobile rang.
他刚一坐下手机就响了。

句型C:had done…when…刚要做…这时(发生另一事)

I was walking along the bank of the river when I fell into it.
我正沿河岸散步突然掉进水里。

2)引导让步状语从句,多用于句首。意为“尽管,虽然”

①While I admit his good points I can see his bad.
尽管我承认他的长处,但我也看到了他的不足。

②While he loves his students,he is very strict with them.
虽然他爱他的学生,可是他对他们很严格。

3)While作并列连词用,意思为“而,然而”,表前后意义上的对比或转折。

There’s plenty of rain in the southeast,while there's little in the northeast.
东南部雨量充足,而西北部则很少下雨。

注意:while与but的区别

二者都有“而,然而”之意,但while强调二者的对比,而but强调前后的转折关系。

①Some people waste food while others haven't enough.
有些人很费粮食,然而有些人却吃不饱。

②I ought to have helped her,but I never could.
我本该帮她但没能。

4)引导条件状语,意思是“只要”

①While there is a will,there is away.
有志者事竟成。

②We can surely overcome these difficulties while we are closely united.
只要我们紧密地团结一致,一定能克服这些困难。

5)while可用作名词,意为“一会儿;一段时间”

①I haven’t seen her for along while.
我好久没有看见她了。

②He usually goes to work by bike,but once in a while he goes by bus.
他通常骑自行车上班,但偶尔也乘公共汽车。

2.libel
1:n.以文字损害名誉, 诽谤罪, 侮辱
2:vt.诽谤, 中伤, 损害名誉
3:vi.诽谤, 中伤, 损害名誉

libel的相关短语:

1.libel on 诽谤; 2.libel action 诽谤诉讼;
3.civil libel 民事诽谤; 4.seditious libel 煽动性诽谤;

①The book is a libel on human nature.
这本书是对人性的污蔑。

②I have decided to sue him for libel.
我已决定以诽谤罪控告他。

3.slander
n.口头诽谤,口头诽谤罪
v.中伤,口头诽谤,诋毁

No one is safe from slander. The best way is to pay no attention to it, but live in innocence and let the world talk. ——Moliere
任何人都不能免于诽谤。最好的办法是不理会,过关清白的生活,任凭人们随便说好了——莫里哀

【练习】

1、I do every single bit of housework ____ my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then.

A.while  B.since  C.when  D.as

 

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