Penny:高考写作如何提高(三)

 来源:沪江高考资源网    要点:英语写作  
编辑点评: 写作作为同学们每次英语考试的最后一大题,难度可想而知,同学们是不是为遣词造句而大伤脑筋呢?Penny老师将会从高中写作中的命题特点,写作中的遣词造句以及案例分析着手,使大家对于高中英语写作不再头疼。

 

 

高考写作如何提高(三)

 

目录(Contents

01.高中英语写作考神马?(今日学习任务:应用类、奇葩类)

02.高中英语写作怎么破?

03.高中英语写作(提高)课程教什么?

 

 

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Part 1. 高中英语写作考神马?

 

记叙类、议论类、图片类、应用类奇葩类

 

05.应用类

 

假定你是李华,正在英国接受英语培训,住在一户英国人家里。今天你的房东Mrs Wilson 不在家,你准备外出,请给Mrs Wilson 写一留言条,内容包括:

1.外出购物

2.替房东还书

3.Tracy 来电话留言:

                     1)咖啡屋(Bolton Coffee)见面取消

                     2)此事已告知Susan

                     3) 尽快回电

注意:1. 词数100左右;

      2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

 

【范文】

Mrs Wilson,

I’m going out shopping, and won’t be back until about 5:00 pm. I have taken with me the two books you asked me to return to the City Library. At about 1 o’clock this afternoon, Tracy called, saying that she couldn’t meet you at Bolton Coffee tomorrow morning as she has something important to attend to. She felt very sorry about that, but said that you could set some other time for the meeting. She wanted you to call her back as soon as you are home. She has already told Susan about this change.

 

△重点:应用类文体主要是写便条、邮件、书信等。内容还是以记叙和议论文主,只是在题干部分会给大家设置更多的信息。应在写作之前将所给信息读明白,即审题。在审题时要分清要点中的主次,写文章时要详略得当。

 

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假定你是李华,你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下:

1. 栏目介绍。

2. 稿件内容;

3. 稿件长度:约400词汇

4. 交稿日期:6月28日前天

注意:1. 词数100左右;

      2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯的;

      3. 开头语已为你写好。

 

【范文】

Dear Peter,

I'd like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.The “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students. It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries. Would you please write something about the culture in your part of the United States? And we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students. You can write anything relevant so long as it’s interesting and informative. 400 words would be fine.Could we have your article before June 28?I’m looking forward to hearing from you.

                                                                 Yours,

                                                                 Li Hua

△重点:注意分段,脉络清晰。

 

 

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05.奇葩类

 

一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是“十年后的我”,请根据下列要点和你的畅想完成短文。

1.家庭:

2.工作:

3.业余生活。

注意:1.词数100左右:

      2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯:

      3.开头语已为你写好。

 

【范文】

One possible version:

I often imagine what my life would be like in the future. I think my life will be very different in ten years .i will be twenty–eight years old by then. I will have my own family , probably with a lovely child . I hope I will work in a computer company as a program designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues. I’will do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming , running and various ball games. On my holidays , I will travel around the world .In a word , my life will be much richer and more colorful .

 

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你接受了一项写作任务,为英语校报写一篇科技报道。

[写作内容]

请根据以下信息,介绍国外医疗行业出现的一项新技术。内容包括:

技术名称:DNA检测

检测方法:唾液样本分析

检测费用:125英镑

检测时长:4到6周

检测用途:1. 预测重大疾病

              2. 预知食物偏好

              3. 提示合适的锻炼方式

检测影响:1. 增强健康意识

              2. 易引起过度焦虑

 

*唾液样本:saliva sample

[写作要求]

只能用5个句子表达全部内容;

[评分标准]

句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。

 

【范文】

We can use saliva sample to detect whether people have major illnesses,predict whether people are particular about food and remind people to take proper exercise.People should pay 125 pounds for it.It takes four to six weeks to finish the report.After detection we can realize we should strengthen our bodies.It may cause too many worries.

 

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Sally walked onto the platform, picked up a piece of chalk and wrote on the blackboard: “Rule 1: We are family! “All students stopped to look at her. And she continued with Rule 2, Rule 3…In the following weeks, Sally worked out 10 class rules and posted them on the walls of the classroom. She patiently explained all the rules to the students and require everyone to follow them.

Surprisingly, Sally was not driven out like the former teachers; instead, she won respect from the students. Over the year, she witnessed gradual change in the class. At the graduation ceremony, just as she expected, she was very proud to stand with a class of care, manners and confidence.

[写作内容]

1. 用约30个词概括上文的主要内容。

2. 用约120个词就班规谈谈你的想法,内容包括:

(1) 你们班最突出的问题是什么?

(2) 针对该问题你会设计一条什么班规?

(3) 你认为班规会带来什么影响?

[写作要求]

1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文的句子。

2. 作文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称。

 

【范文】

Sally was a teacher who taught some students full of problems. The students didn‘t follow the school rules. Therefore, she made the rules for them. Later they made great progress.

 

In our class, some students don‘t work hard and often fight with each other. I will tell them some stories about hard-working people. I will make a study plan to encourage them to study work. I put up some sayings on the walls to remind them to do so. I will explain to them that studying hard is very important. They aren‘t allowed to fight at school. In this way, students have a good habit. Most of the students follow the school rules and study work. They will respect teachers and other classmates. They will have good manners and confidence. Later they will get better grades.

 

☆总结:要有自己的总结和设想。

 

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Part 2.高中英语写作怎么破?

 

Q:给你一个题目应该干什么?

A:看清要求,不能遗漏任何一点。审清题目。

Q:怎么谋篇布局?

A:先列提纲,越详细越好(英语列举)

Q:怎么遣词造句?

A:通过提纲里提到的关键词、词组串联起来。提纲中不要写完整的句子,不能定死。

 

 

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Part 3.高中英语写作(提高)课程教什么?

 

30个常考Topic

语法+词汇

遣词造句

 

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